mswl

Using Hardware Devices while developing and Android Application

Many developers are using the emulator provided by Android SDK in order to test the application that they develop. There is although an other part of developers who wants to run the application in their device (android,tablet etc). So what happens in this case?The solution to the problem is very simple. By having a look on android developers documentation [1]  we can follow the steps given and emulate the application we develop in the device we wish.

“3) Set up your system to detect your device.

  • If you’re developing on Windows, you need to install a USB driver for adb. For an installation guide and links to OEM drivers, see the OEM USB Drivers document.
  • If you’re developing on Mac OS X, it just works. Skip this step.
  • If you’re developing on Ubuntu Linux, you need to add a udev rules file that contains a USB configuration for each type of device you want to use for development. In the rules file, each device manufacturer is identified by a unique vendor ID, as specified by the ATTR{idVendor} property. For a list of vendor IDs, see USB Vendor IDs, below. To set up device detection on Ubuntu Linux:
    1. Log in as root and create this file: /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules.Use this format to add each vendor to the file:
      SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="0bb4", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"

      In this example, the vendor ID is for HTC. The MODE assignment specifies read/write permissions, and GROUP defines which Unix group owns the device node.

      Note: The rule syntax may vary slightly depending on your environment. Consult the udev documentation for your system as needed. For an overview of rule syntax, see this guide to writing udev rules.

    2. Now execute:
      chmod a+r /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules

It is very important to find the Vendor ID of your device . In order to do that just have a look at the following part . This part provides a table with companies and vendor id’s

USB Vendor IDs

This table provides a reference to the vendor IDs needed in order to add USB device support on Linux. The USB Vendor ID is the value given to the ATTR{idVendor} property in the rules file, as described above.”

 

Company USB Vendor ID
Acer 0502
ASUS 0b05
Dell 413c
Foxconn 0489
Fujitsu 04c5
Fujitsu Toshiba 04c5
Garmin-Asus 091e
Google 18d1
Haier 201E
Hisense 109b
HTC 0bb4
Huawei 12d1
K-Touch 24e3
KT Tech 2116
Kyocera 0482
Lenovo 17ef
LG 1004
Motorola 22b8
MTK 0e8d
NEC 0409
Nook 2080
Nvidia 0955
OTGV 2257
Pantech 10a9
Pegatron 1d4d
Philips 0471
PMC-Sierra 04da
Qualcomm 05c6
SK Telesys 1f53
Samsung 04e8
Sharp 04dd
Sony 054c
Sony Ericsson 0fce
Teleepoch 2340
Toshiba 0930
ZTE 19d2

 

Plug in your device, configure it and then  enjoy your application!!

Reference :

[1] http://developer.android.com/tools/device.html


Profit and FOSS

Introduction

I could blog about this topic for months but recently I found two interesting articles [1] , [2] related to how can somebody make profit from FOSS.  In this post I would like to mention the parts of the articles that called my attention .

About profit and challenges

First of all you can have a look at the following diagram

 

Challenges

” In spite of the future being increasingly open source, there are lurking challenges. One of the biggest challenges is competing against proprietary companies with a different model. “This means that it’s more difficult keeping things open source because a lot of senior partners don’t understand it. So, they think that open source could be a business risk,” says Google’s Sengupta. “But that barrier is now reducing each month and year,” says Evans.

Open source is hard to define and everyone has their own definition of it (see Box). Software’s legal dilemmas are probably messier than the bugs plaguing it. So there are always challenges with licences, software freedom and on reaching a consensus about what is open source and what is proprietary.

Another perception is that being open source means not only free source code but also free of cost, monetarily. This is partly because of the double meanings of the world “free” and partly because there are some very strong free products by organizations like Apache, which are fully free of cost. Then, there’s the trouble of the community: which is the very engine of open source. There are hundreds of thousands of developers. You have to find the right meaningful segment of the developer community, fit for your need, and excite them into building your specific application.

Being open means that your competition can see what you are up to. This may keep you constantly on your toes and ensure that you always keep your products’ quality top-notch. “But because everyone knows what you are up to, you can never have the Steve Jobs/Apple moment of ‘wow!’. So, purely from a PR perspective, open source can be tough,” says Sengupta.

Cloud Computing

” Finding the right line between the indie cult spirit of developer community and a sturdy, trustworthy enterprise-ready product is also another challenge for open source. Things like firewall, storage, and others could not be disrupted by open source for a long time due to reliability issues. But then times are changing and open source’s merits nevertheless outshine its flaws. And even open source red flags like storage are doing well. In October, Babu sold Gluster, his open source storage startup, to Red Hat for $136 million. For a software startup, being open will eventually not be a matter of choice.

Rather than waste precious funds in marketing, being open popularises the startup’s product resulting in a wider adoption. Counter-intuitive as it sounds, opening up its technology can bring a business more money.”

According to some, OpenStack got started when NASA was building their Nebula infrastructure cloud, and were working with Eucalyptus to get the job done. But, there were problems.

Eucalyptus uses an open core model with its customers, which means there’s an open source “core” software product they give to community users for free and commercial add-ons for which they charge customers. ”

Business models

“The freedom to change and rework software can be fairly profitable too. Although open source is a buzzword today, RedHat — the company synonymous with open source — showed way back in the early 1990s that it could be a profitable and sustainable business model. RedHat’s is a subscription-based model wherein users subscribe to its consulting services for free products like ‘Red Hat Enterprise Linux’ and ‘JBoss application server’. Today, the public company has revenue of well over $900 million.

Like RedHat put value into a free product like Linux, IBM too did quite well improving and adding value to existing free products like the Apache web server. It added hooks, which enabled IBM to use its own custom web server platform. IBM also has a basic enterprise software based on Apache Geronimo, wherein again it offers a better product with better capacity.

RedHat’s service offering and IBM’s product offering represent the two major business models in open source. “But just like there is no perfect one-for-all software, there is no particular open source model that’s good for all. You need to focus on what your customer wants,” says Babu. That’s for software, but the philosophy of freedom which open source embodies, is spreading. “If you have a commodity, you may as well be open,” says Greg Stein, an advocate of open source software and director of the Apache Software Foundation. That includes hardware, which might be very proprietary today. But things like Apache’s Arduino platform for instance, are beginning to make inroads into open hardware experimentation.

And as hardware gets increasingly commoditised — with infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) becoming ubiquitous — it is destined to go more open source. “Where we are with open hardware today is where we were with open source software a decade ago,” says Stein. Though relegated primarily to enterprise spaces, open source as an idea might be coming to consumers too. Apple’s trademark iTunes was forced to move away to include playing music on non-Apple devices as well. Today, the TV market is in a flurry with a lot of player technology moving into cable boxes. People use their XBoxes to access Netflix movies. Others plug in their tablets to projectors or television sets. And Internet TV is on the rise.

Personal preferences mean that consumers will make their own choices and not be locked into devices like earlier. “Now with everything getting so customized that we will see more open source software at a consumer level,” says Stein. ‘”

Conclusion

While there are load of people who have issues with Red Hat, SUSE Linux, and Canonical (to name three commercial vendors), those issues don’t seem to center around that these companies are out to make a buck (or euro or pound). Making a profit is not immoral. People recognize that delivering value, be it human or code or materials, deserves to get paid. The moral issues come into play when someone goes too far and takes advantage of the customer.

[1] http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-11-15/news/30401682_1_open-source-opensource-software-products

[2] http://www.itworld.com/cloud-computing/257812/profits-considered-immoral-open-source-community


Linux profitability [Red Hat , SUSE , Canonical]

Introduction

People involved in the FOSS movement ,claim that FOSS companies do have profits and benefits of open source. In this post  I will present some piece of information about the most significant ones [Red Hat , SUSE , Canonical] [1]

Case studies

SUSE :

In the summer 2012, at “SUSEcon 2012,” [3] SUSE itself was announced to be profitable, with revenues above $200 million (USD), with expectations of continued revenue growth into 2013.

I have to point out that, SUSE offers some pretty interesting services and products, including SUSE Linux Enterprise (in both Server and Desktop versions), server management tools, enterprise level support deals and SUSEStudio.

Red Hat :

The last December reported a profit of $38.2 million, with a revenue of $322 million for the quarter. Like SUSE, their success is not terribly surprising. Red Hat Enterprise server alone (and its various support deals and tools) is a huge business with a large user base. You can find more about Red Hats profit and financial statement here [2]

Cannonical :

In Canonical case , things seems to be different as Canonical is a privately held company and hasn’t released a great deal of financial information. But what we do know is this: Back in 2009, Mark Shuttleworth (founder of Canonical) stated that it was “creeping” towards its break-even point in revenue (roughly $30 million).

Then, during the announcement for Canonical’s latest project (Ubuntu for Tablets), Shuttleworth stated that the company was not yet profitable. And that’s just about the most detailed information we’ve gotten so far. Canonical estimates that there are roughly 20 million Ubuntu users worldwide. But, for SUSE and Red Hat, things are a bit more complicated, as there are multiple flavors to consider (Red Hat Enterprise, Fedora, openSUSE, Suse Linux Enterprise).

Conclusion

In 2010, openSUSE installations were estimated at over 2 million. Fedora (the Open Source, community distro that Red Hat Enterprise is based on) reports roughly 3.5 million unique IPs connecting to their software repository for the most recent version. Seems that companies have many and different ways to measure their success and profit.

 

References

[1] http://www.networkworld.com/community/blog/linux-profitability-how-successful-are-companies-behind-biggest-versions-linux

[2] http://investors.redhat.com/financials-statements.cfm

[3] http://www.susecon.com/archive.html


The Academic aspect of FOSS Legal Issues

Searching in the web for FOSS legal issues you can find articles , posts in blogs -forums and various piece of information. The aim of this post is not to to show how to search for this kind of information but to mention how universities and the academic interpret legal issues related with FOSS..

Let’s see what’s going on then :

a) The Software Freedom Law Center published , before 5 years , a great paper called A Legal Issues Primer for Open Source and Free Software Projects ( it is also available as  PDF).  So if you are a software user, this is a great read and gives you a better understanding of why software licenses are so important. Furthermore if you are a software developer,  and particularly if you are a developer working in the FOSS world  I couldn’t find any reason not to read this paper.

b) Fitzgerald, Brian F. and  Suzor, Nicolas P.  in 2005 published a paper with title “Legal issues for the use of free and open source software in government”[Melbourne University Law Review, 29(2), pp. 412-447.]. It is also available in PDF format and you can download from here.

c)  Andrés Guadamuz González [University of Edinburgh, UK]  published a paper , in 2005 , with title “The calm before the storm? Legal challenges to open source licences” .  It is also available in PDF format and you can download from here

d) Steve H. Lee [Harvard University,MA,USA] published a paper [in draft form] , in 1999 , with title “Open Source Software Licensing” .  It is also available in PDF format and you can download from here.

For sure you can find more papers and publications related to FOSS legal issues , in my opinion I listed the most important ones.

 


Top FOSS Legal Issues [part2]

As in the previous post we saw the first part of the Top 10 FOSS Legal Issues , in this article we will focus on other Top 10 FOSS legal issues not for the year 2007 but for the year 2012.

1. Android Patent Litigation. The litigation surrounding the Android operating system has continued around the world. Although some of the cases have settled, the litigation has continued to result in multiple decisions in different countries. One of the most important decisions occurred in Silicon Valley: on August 24, 2012, the jury awarded Apple Computer, Inc. (“Apple”) $1.05 billion in damages for Samsung’s violation of its patents. The decision is particularly interesting because the lawsuit involved four design patents and three utility patents (Since we represent some of the parties in other matters, I offer no opinion on the correctness of the decision). Many intellectual property lawyers have been skeptical about the value of design patents, particularly in comparison to utility patents. This decision will undoubtedly cause a re-assessment of the value of design patents. However, more recently, in the same case, the judge refused to grant Apple a permanent injunction against the distribution of the Samsung products found to be infringing. This decision will be appealed and we will not know the final answer for some time. The multiple cases will undoubtedly continue next year.

2. Protection of APIs: Oracle v. Google. A separate but related case also involved the Android operating system. Oracle sued Google for the alleged infringement of Oracle’s copyrights in the Java software (which it had acquired from Sun Microsystems, Inc.) and certain Oracle patents. Oracle alleged that Google’s Android operating system infringes the copyrights in “twelve code files and 37 specifications for application programming interface packages”. The results of the dispute were complicated because the judge first had the jury make a decision about copyright infringement but reserved for himself the decision about whether the application programming interfaces (“APIs”) were copyrightable. Thus, in early May, the jury found that Google had infringed the copyrights in Oracle’s APIs (although they deadlocked on whether the copying was “fair use”).

3. EU Copyright Law Does Not Protect Computer Language and Functions. The SAS Institute, Inc. (“SAS”) v. World Programming, Limited (“WPL”) decision in the European Court of Justice involved the scope of copyright protection for computer programs and has important implications for FOSS and the scope of “derivative works” under copyright law http://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2012-05/cp120053en.pdf. The case addresses issues similar to the Oracle v. Google case described above (in fact, Judge Alsup asked for a briefing from the parties in the Google case after the SAS decision was announced). The case involved the copying of the scripts and certain functions of the SAS analytical software. The SAS software enables users to write and run their own application programs in order to adapt the SAS software to work with their data. These “application programs” are called “scripts” and are written in a language which is peculiar to the SAS software. WPL recognized that a market existed for alternative software capable of executing application programs written in the SAS language. WPL produced the ‘World Programming System’, designed to emulate the SAS components as closely as possible in that, with a few minor exceptions, it attempted to ensure that the same inputs would produce the same outputs. This approach would enable users of the SAS software to run the “scripts” which they have developed for use with the SAS software on the ‘World Programming System’.The court found that such functions and programming language were not protected under the EU Directive on Protection of Computer Programs: Article 1(2) of Council Directive 91/250/EEC of 14 May 1991 on the legal protection of computer programs must be interpreted as meaning that neither the functionality of a computer program nor the programming language and the format of data files used in a computer program in order to exploit certain of its functions constitute a form of expression of that program and, as such, are not protected by copyright in computer programs for the purposes of that directive.

4. Expansion of Open Source Initiative. The Open Source Initiative (“OSI”) has decided to broaden its base by expanding its role as an advocacy organization. The OSI has reached started membership programs for individuals and affiliated organizations (as a matter of transparency, I am outside general counsel to the OSI on a pro bono basis). OSI describes this change as follows: “The OSI is moving its governance from a model of volunteer and self-appointed directors to one driven by members. Our high-level objectives in doing so are to provide a broad meeting place for everyone who shares an interest in open source software, with the continuing aim of strengthening the OSI so that it can more effectively fulfill its goals over the long term.” The Affiliate Program has successfully signed up over twenty open source organizations include among others the Linux Foundation, Mozilla Foundation, Debian and OW2.

5. Unlicensed FOSS. One disturbing trend is the posting of FOSS modules without licenses. Simon Phipps focused on this problem in his recent blog, particularly on the problems raised by the terms of service at Github. James Governor, the founder of analyst Red Monk, is quoted by Simon as stating: “”younger devs today are about POSS – Post open source software. f*** the license and governance, just commit to github” http://www.infoworld.com/d/open-source-software/github-needs-take-open-source-seriously-208046. As I mentioned in my earlier post, http://lawandlifesiliconvalley.com/blog/?p=708, this approach will undercut the major desire of most FOSS developers: the broad use of their code. The lack of a license ensures that the software will be removed from any product meant to be used by corporations. Corporations are very sensitive about ensuring that all software that they use or which is incorporated in their products is properly licensed. I have worked on the analysis of hundreds of software programs and the response to software without a clear license is almost always “rip it out”. In addition, as I discuss in more detail in the post, this approach could also subject the developer to liability under the Uniform Commercial Code (an admittedly low probability).

6. Qualification of FOSS under the Trade Agreement Act. Talend, a licensor of open source enterprise software, has recently received a ruling from the U.S. Customs Service corroborating that its software complies with the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 USC 2511 et seq.) (“TAA”). FOSS adoption by the US Federal government must comply with many regulations, some of which can be difficult given the nature of modern software development.

7. Contributor Agreements Redux. Recently, the issues of contribution agreements arose in the departure of Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos from the GnuTLS project http://lwn.net/SubscriberLink/529522/854aed3fb6398b79.  GnuTLS is “a secure communications library implementing the SSL,TLS and DTLS protocols”. The project was commenced in 2000 under the GNU project. As is true of all GNU projects, the copyrights in the contributions are assigned to the Free Software Foundation (“FSF”). When Nikos left, Richard Stallman reminded him that he could fork the project, but that the FSF would retain ownership of copyright in the project code. The LWN article concludes that the basis for copyright assignment “seems to be weak”. I disagree with this conclusion and Bradley Kuhn makes some very cogent arguments in the comment sections. Copyright assignment does provide the manager of the FOSS project (in this case, FSF) with significant advantages in enforcement as well as changing the license of a project. Without an assignment, a licensee can raise several potential defenses (such as a license from an alleged joint copyright owner) whose strength is uncertain. In addition, any change in the project license would require the approval of each contributor to the project. However, copyright assignments also mean that the community needs to be comfortable that the project strategy of the project manager is aligned with the community. However, as FOSS projects continue for a longer period, this alignment may be more difficult to determine in advance. And this approach also poses practical problems for the FOSS project manager: the project manager needs to be very disciplined about getting the written assignments from all contributors. Such assignments may be difficult to obtain from developers employed by a corporation because corporations are reluctant to assign intellectual property rights. This dispute emphasizes the importance of FOSS projects and their contributors carefully considering the needs of the project when deciding on how to obtain the necessary rights in contributions. Project Harmony provides information and proposed agreements to assist FOSS projects to make these decisions http://harmonyagreements.org/. Once determined, the method of implementation of a contribution agreement is important: the Eclipse Foundation also provides an excellent summary of their approach to due diligence issues relating to accepting contributions http://www.eclipse.org/legal/EclipseLegalProcessPoster.pdf.

8. Rise of Open Source Collaborations. Open source collaborations have become an increasingly important strategy for companies to address major software development problems. This trend is best illustrated this year by the creation of the OpenStack Foundation (“Foundation”). The Foundation takes over the OpenStack project from a Rackspace who had managed project for several years (as a matter of transparency, I represent the Foundation). OpenStack is a cloud operating system that controls large pools of compute, storage, and networking resources throughout a datacenter. The Foundation is run by a board of twenty four members, with eight members representing individuals, eight members representing Gold Members and eight members representing Platinum Members. The Foundation has over 150 corporate members and more than 6,000 individual members http://www.openstack.org/. In a second example, Deutsche Bank announced in September the formation of the Lodestone Foundation to coordinate the development of IT solutions for capital market companies http://lodestonefoundation.com/. The OpenStack Foundation and the Lodestone Foundation join the many foundations who manage open source collaborations for combinations of corporations which include, among others, the Linux Foundation, Genivi Alliance and Eclipse Foundation.

9. UK Government Adopts Open Standard Principles. The UK government adopted Open Standards Principles in government IT procurement through a Cabinet Report http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/open-standards-consultation-documents. The report adopted Open Standards to encourage “software interoperability, data and document formats in government IT specifications.” One of the goals of the adoption of the Open Standard Principles was to ensure that FOSS and proprietary software could compete on an equal level. One important requirement of UK Open Standard Principles is that the patent rights for the standards must be available on a royalty free basis: “rights essential to implementation of the standard, and for interfacing with other implementations which have adopted that same standard, are licensed on a royalty free basis that is compatible with both open source and proprietary licensed solutions.

10. More Standardized Process on FOSS Compliance by Large Companies. In my practice, I have seen an acceleration of an existing trend: many large companies are much more focused on FOSS compliance and are developing standardized procedures to ensure compliance. I work with many small companies entering into commercial relationships with large companies as well as large companies entering into commercial relationships and purchasing smaller companies. Although some technology companies have developed and implemented such procedures for commercial relationships for several years, such processes have recently become much more widespread and sophisticated. They range from elaborate contractual provisions relating to remedies to special procedures for “remediation” through removal of certain modules and developing functionally compatible software. Although a limited number of technology companies have also implemented a separate due diligence process for FOSS compliance in acquisitions for several years, these practices are also spreading more widely to both technology companies and non-technology companies. Acquiring companies are even willing to change the form of a transaction to avoid potential FOSS compliance problems: recently, I worked with a company that shifted an acquisition from a merger to a sale of assets primarily based on FOSS compliance concerns. This development emphasizes the need for small companies to have a structured approach to the management of the use of FOSS and to be able to demonstrate such management to both potential commercial partners and potential acquirers.

Reference : http://lawandlifesiliconvalley.com/blog/?p=721


Top FOSS Legal Issues [part1]

Taking about FOSS and law issues could last for years…To be more concrete I found some stuff relate to FOSS lawsuits…In this post I will list the Top 10 legal issues [with some details] for 2007 , as this year was a very active one. Let’s the issues then :

1. Publication of GPLv3. The GPLv2 continues to be the most widely used FOSS license, yet the law relating to software has developed significantly since the publication of the original publication of the GPLv2 in 1991. However the new GPLv3 license is much more comprehensive than GPLv2 and addresses the new issues which have arisen in software law in the last 15 years.

2. SCO’s Attack on Linux Collapses. SCO filed lawsuits claiming that Linux infringed SCO’s copyrights in UNIX. These suits suffered a fatal blow when the court in the Novell litigation found that SCO did not own the copyrights in UNIX. The ownership of the copyrights is essential to prosecute cases for copyright infringement. The melt down of SCO’s strategy was complete when it filed for bankruptcy soon after this loss.

3. First Legal Opinion on Enforcing a FOSS License. In August, the district court in San Francisco surprised many lawyers by ruling that the remedies for breach of the Artistic License were in contract, not copyright. Most lawyers believe that the failure to comply with the major terms of an open source license means that the licensee is a copyright infringer and, thus, can obtain “injunctive relief” (which means that the court orders a party to cease their violation). On the other hand, if the remedy is limited to contract remedies, then the standard remedy would be limited to monetary damages. Such damages are of limited value to open source licensors. The district court decision has been appealed.

4. First US Lawsuit to Enforce GPLv2. The Software Freedom Law Center filed the first lawsuit to enforce the GPL for the BusyBox software in August. Subsequently, it filed three other lawsuits. Although the first three lawsuits were against small companies, the most recent lawsuit was against Verizon. These lawsuits represent a new approach for the SFLC which, in the past, has preferred negotiation to litigation. SFLC has settled two of the lawsuits. Each of the settlements has required that the defendants pay damages, another new development. These suits may be the first of many.

5. First Patent Infringement Lawsuit by Patent Trolls against FOSS Vendors. IP Innovation LLC (and Technology Licensing Corporation) filed suit against Red Hat and Novell in what may be the first volley in a patent war against a FOSS vendor. Acacia is a well known patent troll which has been buying patents for some time and works through multiple subsidiaries. The FOSS industry provides a tempting target because of its rapid growth. These suits could slow the expansion of FOSS because many potential licensees express concern about potential liability for infringement of third party rights by FOSS.

6. First Patent Lawsuit by a Commercial Competitor against a FOSS Vendor. Network Appliances, Inc. (“NetApps”) sued Sun Microsystems, Inc. (“Sun”) for patent infringement by Sun’s ZFS file system in its Solaris operating system. The ZFS file system posed a challenge to NetApps products because it permits the connection of less expensive storage devices to the operating system.

7. Microsoft Obtains Approval of Two Licenses by OSI. Microsoft Corporation continues its schizophrenic approach to FOSS by simultaneously asserting that the Linux operating system violates Microsoft’s patents and submitting two licenses for approval by OSI. In October, the OSI Board approved the Microsoft Public License (Ms-PL) and the Microsoft Reciprocal License (Ms-RL) as consistent with the Open Source Definition.
8. German Court Finds that Skype Violates GPLv2 The enforcement of the GPLv2 in Germany continues with a Munich court finding that Skype had violated GPLv2 by not including the source code with the binary version of the software (instead, Skype had included a “flyer” with a URL describing where to find the source code version). The suit was brought by Harald Welte, who has been the plaintiff in virtually all of the German enforcement actions for GPLv2. Harald runs gpl-violations.org, an organization which he founded to track down and prosecute violators of the GPL.

9. New License Options. Two of the most controversial issues in FOSS licensing, network use and attribution, were addressed in new licenses adopted this year. A “network use” provision imposes a requirement that when a program makes functions available through a computer network, the user may obtain the source code of the program. Essentially, it extends the trigger requiring providing a copy of the source code from “distribution” of the object code (as required under the GPLv2) to include making the functions available over a computer network. An “attribution” provision requires that certain phrases or images referring to the developing company be included in the program. This provision was very controversial on the License Discuss email list for OSI. The Free Software Foundation published the Affero General Public License in the fall which expanded the scope of the GPLv3 to include a “network use” provision. A limited form of attribution was included in the GPLv3. And OSI approved the Common Public Attribution License which included both the “network use” and “attribution” provisions.

10. Creation of Linux Foundation. The Open Source Development Labs and the Free Standards Group merged to form the Linux Foundation. The FOSS industry is unusual because of the extent to which it depends on non profit entities for guidance. These entities include the OSI, Free Software Foundation, Mozilla Foundation, Apache Foundation and Eclipse Foundation. This merger provides a much stronger platform to promote Linux and open standards.

Seems that 2007 brought to the light legal issues , lawsuits and very interesting piece of information related to FOSS. We can see that Free and Open Source software is not only related with software development but also with courts and various lawsuits.

Reference : http://lawandlifesiliconvalley.blogspot.com.es/2007/12/2007-top-ten-free-and-open-source-legal.html


openSUSE Conference 2013 : La “Llamada de trabajos” se extiende hasta el 17 de Junio

Plazos de entrega….Originalmente, la “llamada de trabajos” de la Conferencia de openSUSE 2013 (oSC13),  la reunión anual de nuestra comunidad, ha terminado el 3 de abril.

Sin embargo, algunos de ustedes parecen haber perdido la fecha límite y todavía hay un puñado de ranuras que quedan por cubrir, así que estamos extendiendo la convocatoria de propuestas hasta el lunes, 17 de junio 24:00.

Sin embargo, tenía que haber un pero, esperamos que el programa le llenan rápidamente, así que su “merde juntos”, “no es que francés nuevo”, y presentar sus propuestas lo más antes posible!

Lo que estamos buscando

Su presentación debe ser una charla, una presentación con diapositivas, o un taller en el que se indica a la gente en una experiencia práctica de laboratorio. El foco de su presentación debe ser uno de los siguientes 3 ​​temas:

Comunidad y Proyectos

Presentaciones en esta área deben centrarse en las actividades del proyecto y de la comunidad openSUSE, incluyendo pero no limitado a la gobernabilidad de proyectos, marketing, obras de arte, informes embajador y así sucesivamente.

Geeko Tech

Presentaciones en esta área deben centrarse en las tecnologías de openSUSE como el embalaje, la distribución, la infraestructura, etc openSUSE

openWorld

En esta área , invitamos otros proyectos de software libre para compartir su trabajo y colaborar con la comunidad openSUSE. Las contribuciones no se limitan a contenido técnico, que puede optar por hablar de su proyecto  favorito (“pet project”), como la construcción de un barco, un robot, u otros temas de interés.

y ya que estamos en eso, no olvide registrarse!

El registro seguirá abierto hasta que comience el evento e instamos a que se registre tan pronto como puedas! Las inscripciones nos ayuda a negociar con el lugar de celebración, hoteles y otros proveedores, que hace que sea más fácil para nosotros para planificar para la alimentación y la cantidad correcta de la diversión del partido durante oSC13.

Y recuerde: usted puede apoyar al oSC13 mediante con la compra de entradas de aficionados ($ 50) o boletos profesionales ($ 250) durante el registro. Los fondos provenientes de estas ventas de entradas son una parte muy importante del presupuesto para la conferencia general!

Power to the Geeko!

La conferencia de openSUSE es la reunión anual de los muchos que apoyan el proyecto openSUSE y otros colaboradores de software libre y los entusiastas. El evento en Salónica será nuestra quinta conferencia y esperamos que sea una vez más un gran éxito. Las charlas, talleres y discusiones de interés común constituyen el marco para el intercambio de información y conocimiento. En este marco, se proporciona un gran ambiente para la colaboración y la creación de conexiones y recuerdos duraderos.

El “Poder para el Geeko” lema de la conferencia de este año nos conecta con el pasado de nuestro país de acogida mientras se mira en el futuro a medida que continuamos en nuestro camino a cambiar el mundo.

Vamos a tener diversión!

Los filósofos griegos fueron parte de una revolución que cambió el mundo. Así somos nosotros, y por lo tanto, bajo el lema de “El poder de la Geeko”, nos reunimos y trabajamos en nuestra revolución. Permite obtener los engranajes giratorios presentar sus propuestas de sesiones, registrar su asistencia, nos ayudan a encontrar patrocinadores y hacer que la próxima conferencia de openSUSE un evento impresionante.

 


When Oracle talks about Open Source 2.0 …

Recently i found a very interesting article about Open Source 2.0 (“Open Source 2.0: The Science of Community Management.”) in Oracle web site.

Here i submit the 3 Myths according to the article :

1) Your Open Source Community is a Meritocracy.

“Admit it, the first 10 people to join your project have much more power than the next 10 that join, even the next 100. The first UI person to the project will be “the UI guy,” it will take a serious stumble by him or a person drastically better then him to be displaced. The meritocracy myth is particularly harmful because it creates the promise that if you work really, really hard, you will have the same opportunities as everyone else in the community. Because of human nature, that’s just not true. People are generally creatures of habit and go to the people they already know. It takes real effort to expand the circle/change their ways. For more information, you can read Structurelessness, feminism and open: what open advocates can learn from second wave feminists (this is in part about why open source communities are not pure meritocracies).

2) Open Source is about Collaboration

“The genius of open source is how *not* to work together. It’s about taking complex problems, breaking them into chunks and that individual developers can go work on and then can slide back into the whole. Collaboration is slow, expensive and high touch, community leaders should always think of ways to move from collaboration to cooperation. For example, it used to require long negotiations with the owners of the trunk to get extensions into Firefox (collaboration). With Firefox addons, community members could add functionality and users could pick it up much more easily (cooperation).”

3) Coders Don’t Need Soft Skills

If the success of your open source project is attracting (and keeping) community members, then your soft skills are your differentiator, not your coding chops. Be aware of the assumptions you bring to every conversation (Is this a negotiation? What’s my goal? Is my goal just to prove the other guy wrong?). Your mindset can be resources are scarce, this is a battle, and eveyone else is stupid, crazy and evil. Or, you can believe that the pie can be made bigger, this is cooperative venture and people do what they believe is in their best interest. As a community leader, you can set the tone and maximize the outcome. Your job is not only to listen to what someone is saying, but to find out what are their real interests and concerns. A good solution may be closer than you think.” 

The rest of the article can be found here [1]

True or note is another point of view , maybe not to usual ….

[1] https://blogs.oracle.com/java/entry/open_source_2_0_the


Technical infrastructure in GNOME

1) How to get involved :

http://www.gnome.org/get-involved/

2) Version control system :

Git : https://git.gnome.org/browse/

3) Bug-tracking system :

Bugzilla : https://bugzilla.gnome.org/

4) Mailing Lists :

https://mail.gnome.org/mailman/listinfo/

5) GNOME Translation Teams :

https://l10n.gnome.org/teams/


Interview with Jos Poortvliet

Jos Poortvliet , tell us about yourself. Who are you?

Hey, I’m a Dutch Free Software enthusiast living in Berlin with my Brazilian
wife Camila. I’ve been around Free and Open Source for over 10 years, mostly
active around marketing and community related things.

Which are your main responsibilities and roles inside the openSUSE Project as a community manager?

I’m active in marketing, helping the project communicate to the outside
world. But also internally and between SUSE and openSUSE. I am also active
on the governance side of the project, with strategy or board related things
and helping to handle conflicts if they arise.

How do people from the community understand (or perceive) your role inside the openSUSE Project ?

He, good question. In the beginning, many people expected me to take charge
and play a leadership role. As that is clearly something which does fit
neither openSUSE nor me, I did not do that and made very clear that I did
not see that as my job. Instead, I presented myself as a contributor who had
to earn his place like everybody else. I think I did that, in the last
years, and today people come to me for advice mostly in the areas of
communication, marketing and conflicts – and I happily stay out of
especially technical decisions.

Imagine that you have to build and manage a new community , inside the openSUSE Project. Which are the steps you gonna follow so as to assure that this community will not affect the openSUSE Project? How are you gonna attract  people from the openSUSE Project to participate in the this new community?

Depends on what you are looking for, what you want to create. If it is
something like the ARM project or a new openSUSE derivative, it SHOULD
affect the project – ARM is adding something to openSUSE, so are the
derivatives. That is good!

So, just announce it as that – a cool, new thing in openSUSE. That is not
particularly hard to communicate. I would not communicate it before it has
something to show for and in most cases that means first gathering some
people who want to work on it and making a ‘first release’, then announcing
where you plan to take it and inviting people to join.

Of course, it would be possible to create a project which might not be
naturally seen as an addition. Say, you want to ‘fork’ openSUSE into a more
stable (or more bleeding edge) version. That is an entirely different thing
and should be handled with a little more care: one can imagine that this
takes up resources which otherwise might be put in openSUSE Factory, for
example. But here, too, I think it is important to first talk to some core
people, get a team up, create a ‘proof of concept’ and simply have a clear
plan. Then, based on what objections you expect, make sure to communicate it
in a non-threatening way.

Do you use any tool to manage the information inside the community (e.g bugzilla , statistics in mailing lists,repositories etc) and how?

We have some statistics but these focus around the release, marketing and
user base (number of downloads, page views to our sites, number of active
installations, things like that). And we have some idea about development
(number of commits to Factory, amount of work in devel projects). We have
very little, if any, info on communication related things.

One of the tasks of the community manager is the volunteer management. In terms of measurement and success can you give a percentage of
 “assigned” tasks per volunteer and successfully finished task per volunteer?

I have very little idea here. First of all, because I am restricting myself
to a subset of the community: the marketing area. Second, because my work
frequently shifts and I don’t always interact with the same people. And
last, because I don’t keep metrics like that – I work very much on a one-on-
one base. I’m not saying that that is the best way to do it but I’m not much
of a number man 😉

According to your experience ,  how many months approximately needs a volunteer to be “productive”?

It depends quite a bit in what area and what skills he/she brings. But you
are often looking at quite a long time – a minimum of a month but easily
half a year.

Would you call yourself a mentor? And why?

Sometimes, when I’m actually mentoring new people…

If a project , a task or an idea “assigned” to a volunteer fails, how do you manage this kind failure?
I try to catch it myself but often, I delegate based on trust. So if a
volunteer doesn’t do something, well, it doesn’t get done. That is
responsibility, yes?

Finally tell us , why openSUSE and openSUSE Community rocks?

There are a lot of reasons – but for me, the most important part is the open
mind. Every project has people angry at the world, every project has
friendly and unfriendly people. But overall, openSUSE as a community is very
open to both newcomers and working with others. We’re not such a navel-
gazing community, we pragmatic and willing to look outside our borders,
adopting technologies from other communities and working with them on it.
That is maybe not totally unique, but certainly rare.


Hacking around with the Geekos (openSUSE 12.3 Marketing Hackathon)

kde_party_group_foto

Event

From 31st of January to 10th of February I participated in openSUSE 12.3 Marketing Hackathon.   The Hackathon took place in SUSE Headquarters [Nuremberg,Germany] from 4/02 to 10/02. Before that we participated in FOSDEM by promoting to the crowd the openSUSE Project and the oSC13 as well. Our participation in FOSDEM was really successful cause people asked a lot of questions around the upcoming release of openSUSE and expressed their interest for this year’s openSUSE Conference.  Thanks to Carlos we spread out and informed a lot of people about the oSC13.

Apart from that this year I spent more time in joining presentations. I admit that I liked more FOSDEM 2013 than FOSDEM 2012 because I found the presentations (Developer rooms especially) more interesting.

After FOSDEM we travelled to Nuremberg for the Marketing Hackathon . On the way back to Nuremberg I was impressed by the fact that openSUSE development continued even on the bus  with various hackers (SUSE Employees)  sitting behind their laptops, building packages. Apart from software development we drunk a lot of  openSUSE beers.  🙂

Arriving to Nuremberg , after FOSDEM , we begun to work in the 12.3 RC1 release. SUSE Employees helped us by providing all the necessary equiqment [ok , coffee , meeting rooms etc]  since we worked in the SUSE offices. Interacting with people from the company was really interesting , and i admit that during a release there is a lot of work to be done (bug fixing , artwork, ,writing , promotion , etc) .

Apart from the release we enjoyed a presentation by the SUSE Documentation team  , where we tested  a demo of the new ActiveDoc tool.ActiveDoc is used for the documentation of openSUSE and SUSE as well. Furthermore we had visits from company management , from Ralf Flaxa, VP of engineering, and Roland Haidl. During these meetings we discussed about issues  around openSUSE Project , and how the project can be improved. Ralf Flaxa and Roland Haidl thanked us for our work and they confirmed their willing to help the openSUSE Project as much as they can.

As the KDE 4.10 released during the Marketing Hackathon we all joined the KDE 4.10 release party (in Wednesday). KDE president Cornelius Schumacher and Klaas Freitag, (ownCloud Senior Developer) joined us to the party. We had really interesting discussions about various aspects (KDE , ownCloud ,oSC13 etc).

Work

Here i give a brief summary of my work

– 12.3 Screenshots (Screenshots and related wiki page) [although my laptop was broken for a while]

– 12.3 Package list and Feature (the last days)

–  12.3 Social Media messages for RC1 (and the final release as well)

– 12.3 “We are Hispanohablantes”  , a new project begun , willing to centralize the Spanish speaking communities in openSUSE. Here you can find the English [1] and Spanish [2] version of the wiki page. [if you come from a Spanish spoken country , you can add stuff in the “Information Table”.]

Conclusion

I could blog about this experience for years , but i prefered to write a resume of what i have in my mind 🙂
.  Obviously i would like to thank the following people (participants and SUSE Employees) :

Participants :

Kostas , Bruno (tigerfoot – “Champignon”) , Carlos (victorck), Carlos (CarlosRibeiro), Izabel (IzabelleValverde), Marcel (tux93 or “Silent Power”), Richard (ilmehtar), Michal (|miska|).

SUSE Employees:

Jos, Henne , Ralf, Roland,  James, Jan, Ludwig, Cornelius, Suzanne Augustin, Will, Christopher, Adrian, , Jurgen, Kenneth, Cassio, Alberto,
(if I forget someone ,please let me know 😉 )

I_love_Vietnam

And yes we all love Vietnam 🙂

You can find the photos of the event here and here as well.

And don’t forget!!

See you in oSC13 [18-22 July , Thessaloniki , Greece]  . As the Cfp is open don’t forget to register yourself and why not submit your presentation [or workshop]!!

A lot of Geekings to everybody,

“Power to the Geeko”

[1] https://en.opensuse.org/We_are_Hispanohablantes

[2] https://es.opensuse.org/Somos_hispanohablantes


Statistics around FOSS Projects – Kde-Telepathy

Introduction

KDE Telepathy is an instant messaging (IM) and voice over IP (VoIP) client which supports text, voice, video, file transfers, and inter-application communication over various IM protocols. It uses the telepathy framework as its backend. It’s the slated replacement for Kopete and its main focus is the integration between different components of the KDE Software Compilation that may benefit from real-time communication and collaboration features.

Cost Estimation

According to statics gathered by Ohloh we can see the following piece of information about cost estimation of kde-telepathy project :

Codebase Size : 128,319 lines

Estimated Effort : 32 person-years

Estimated Cost : $ 1,747,556

Commits – Contributors
Information about the commits and contributors is always interesting , let’s see what’s going on :
All Time 12 Month 30 Day
Commits: 6134 2737 250
Contributors: 89 41 10
Files Modified: 3798 1337 356
Lines Added: 511508 112093 20464
Lines Removed: 298275 76633 18870
Languages
Languages in which a FOSS project is being developed can show piece of information usefull for people who wish to contribute into the project. Let’s see what’s going on :
Total Lines : 184,947 Code Lines : 128,319 Percent Code Lines : 69.4%
Number of Languages : 10 Total Comment Lines : 26,800 Percent Comment Lines : 14.5%
Total Blank Lines : 29,828 Percent Blank Lines : 16.1%
Developers Maling list
For getting information for the mailing list of developers [kde-telepathy] , i did use a very usefull and powerfull tool : Mlstats .

With Mlstats we have the following results :

Total messages : 7889

Total people posting in each list:  280

Total messages in each list: 7885

Total messages by email address (only top 10 in total):
Mailing list           Email        #
—————-    ———–    —-
kde-telepathy    kde@davidedmundson.co.uk    1330
kde-telepathy    martin.klapetek@gmail.com    1195
kde-telepathy    daniele.domenichelli@gmail.com    828
kde-telepathy    david@davidedmundson.co.uk    569
kde-telepathy    grundleborg@googlemail.com    468
kde-telepathy    null@kde.org    417
kde-telepathy    francesco.nwokeka@gmail.com    349
kde-telepathy    kiagiadakis.george@gmail.com    231
kde-telepathy    drf@kde.org    191
kde-telepathy    alinm.elena@gmail.com    179

Total messages by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
kde-telepathy    2009    89
kde-telepathy    2010    358
kde-telepathy    2011    4313
kde-telepathy    2012    2897
kde-telepathy    2013    228

Total people posting by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
kde-telepathy    2009    12
kde-telepathy    2010    30
kde-telepathy    2011    148
kde-telepathy    2012    158
kde-telepathy    2013    20
kde-telepathy    martin.klapetek@gmail.com    1195
kde-telepathy    daniele.domenichelli@gmail.com    828
kde-telepathy    david@davidedmundson.co.uk    569
kde-telepathy    grundleborg@googlemail.com    468
kde-telepathy    null@kde.org    417
kde-telepathy    francesco.nwokeka@gmail.com    349
kde-telepathy    kiagiadakis.george@gmail.com    231
kde-telepathy    drf@kde.org    191
kde-telepathy    alinm.elena@gmail.com    179

Total messages by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
kde-telepathy    2009    89
kde-telepathy    2010    358
kde-telepathy    2011    4313
kde-telepathy    2012    2897
kde-telepathy    2013    228

Total people posting by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
kde-telepathy    2009    12
kde-telepathy    2010    30
kde-telepathy    2011    148
kde-telepathy    2012    158
kde-telepathy    2013    20


Statistics around FOSS Projects – Nginx

Introduction

NGINX [Engine-X] is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server written by Igor Sysoev. It has been running on many

heavily loaded sites, including Facebook, Zappos, Groupon, LivingSocial, Hulu, TechCrunch, Dropbox, Tumblr and WordPress.

 

Cost Estimation

According to statics gathered by Ohloh we can see the following piece of information about cost estimation of gedit project :

Codebase Size : 124,217 lines

Estimated Effort : 31 person-years

Estimated Cost : $ 1,703,693 *

Commits – Contributors
Information about the commits and contributors is always interesting , let’s see what’s going on :
All Time 12 Month 30 Day
Commits: 4240 470 24
Contributors: 14 12 8
Files Modified: 714 278 99
Lines Added: 325169 16086 1675
Lines Removed: 151738 3267 153
Languages
Languages in which a FOSS project is being developed can show piece of information usefull for people who wish to contribute into the project. Let’s see what’s going on :
Total Lines : 173,317 Code Lines : 124,217 Percent Code Lines : 71.7%
Number of Languages : 8 Total Comment Lines : 5,623 Percent Comment Lines : 3.2%
Total Blank Lines : 43,477 Percent Blank Lines : 25.1%
Developers Maling list
For getting information for the mailing list of developers [nginx-list] , i did use a very usefull and powerfull tool : Mlstats .

With Mlstats we have the following results :

Total messages : 3247

Total people posting in each list:  317

Total messages in each list: 3244

Total messages by email address (only top 10 in total):
Mailing list           Email        #
—————-    ———–    —-
nginx-devel    mdounin@mdounin.ru    1134
nginx-devel    ru@nginx.com    178
nginx-devel    igor@sysoev.ru    150
nginx-devel    agentzh@gmail.com    146
nginx-devel    vbart@nginx.com    74
nginx-devel    piotr.sikora@frickle.com    61
nginx-devel    ne@vbart.ru    41
nginx-devel    toli@webforge.bg    41
nginx-devel    vshebordaev@mail.ru    38
nginx-devel    gojpeg@gmail.com    37

Total messages by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
nginx-devel    2009    71
nginx-devel    2010    555
nginx-devel    2011    992
nginx-devel    2012    1521
nginx-devel    2013    105

Total people posting by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
nginx-devel    2009    16
nginx-devel    2010    91
nginx-devel    2011    135
nginx-devel    2012    159
nginx-devel    2013    29


Statistics around FOSS Projects – gedit

Introduction

gedit is the official text editor of the GNOME desktop environment. While aiming at simplicity and ease of use, gedit is a powerful general purpose text editor that among other things features a flexible plugin system which can be used to dynamically add new advanced features in C or Python.

Cost Estimation

According to statics gathered by Ohloh we can see the following piece of information about cost estimation of gedit project :

Codebase Size : 76,292 lines

Estimated Effort : 18 person-years

Estimated Cost : $ 1,014,735 *
Commits – Contributors
Information about the commits and contributors is always interesting , let’s see what’s going on :
All Time 12 Month 30 Day
Commits: 8436 526 48
Contributors: 614 116 22
Files Modified: 2065 323 77
Lines Added: 611559 11230 329
Lines Removed: 506919 18402 77
Languages
Languages in which a FOSS project is being developed can show piece of information usefull for people who wish to contribute into the project. Let’s see what’s going on :
Total Lines : 104,640 Code Lines : 76,292 Percent Code Lines : 72.9%
Number of Languages : 10 Total Comment Lines : 10,303 Percent Comment Lines : 9.8%
Total Blank Lines : 18,045 Percent Blank Lines : 17.2%
Developers Maling list
For getting information for the mailing list of developers [gedit-list] , i did use a very usefull and powerfull tool : Mlstats .

With Mlstats we have the following results :

Total messages : 6696

Total people posting in each list:  1014

Total messages in each list: 3854

TTotal messages by email address (only top 10 in total):
Mailing list           Email        #
—————-    ———–    —-
gedit-list    pborelli@katamail.com    338
gedit-list    nudrema@gmail.com    141
gedit-list    jessevdk@gnome.org    130
gedit-list    jesse@icecrew.nl    126
gedit-list    nacho.resa@gmail.com    116
gedit-list    chuchiperriman@gmail.com    109
gedit-list    paolo.maggi@polito.it    95
gedit-list    contact@jpfleury.net    79
gedit-list    maggi@athena.polito.it    79
gedit-list    jbarbero@quiter.com    74

Total messages by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
gedit-list    2000    33
gedit-list    2001    25
gedit-list    2002    128
gedit-list    2003    155
gedit-list    2004    113
gedit-list    2005    179
gedit-list    2006    578
gedit-list    2007    550
gedit-list    2008    489
gedit-list    2009    375
gedit-list    2010    530
gedit-list    2011    418
gedit-list    2012    263
gedit-list    2013    18

Total people posting by year:
Mailing list            Year        #
—————-    ———–    —-
gedit-list    2000    12
gedit-list    2001    13
gedit-list    2002    31
gedit-list    2003    68
gedit-list    2004    52
gedit-list    2005    57
gedit-list    2006    119
gedit-list    2007    140
gedit-list    2008    140
gedit-list    2009    137
gedit-list    2010    166
gedit-list    2011    160
gedit-list    2012    125
gedit-list    2013    11


Statistics around FOSS Projects – Epiphany

Introduction

Epiphany  is the web browser for the GNOME desktop. Its goal is to be simple and easy to use. Epiphany ties together many GNOME components in order to let you focus on the Web content, instead of the browser application. As part of the GNOME project, Epiphany is Free Software.

Epiphany is powered by the WebKit engine. In addition, it provides an elegant, responsive and uncomplicated user interface that fits in perfectly with GNOME, and it has been translated to over thirty languages!

Cost Estimation

According to statics gathered by Ohloh we can see the following piece of information about cost estimation of Epiphany project :

Codebase Size : 61,708 lines

Estimated Effort : 15 person-years

Estimated Cost : $ 821,372 *
Commits – Contributors
Information about the commits and contributors is always interesting , let’s see what’s going on :
All Time 12 Month 30 Day
Commits: 10192 1139 32
Contributors: 498 105 19
Files Modified: 1675 501 33
Lines Added: 476975 36725 199
Lines Removed: 391080 35625 395
Languages
Languages in which a FOSS project is being developed can show piece of information usefull for people who wish to contribute into the project. Let’s see what’s going on :
Total Lines : 88,934 Code Lines : 63,530 Percent Code Lines : 71.4%
Number of Languages : 10 Total Comment Lines : 10,665 Percent Comment Lines : 12.0%
Total Blank Lines : 14,739 Percent Blank Lines : 16.6%
Developers Maling list
For getting information for the mailing list of developers [epiphany-list] , i did use a very usefull and powerfull tool : Mlstats .

With Mlstats we have the following results :

Total messages : 13449

Total people posting in each list:  1180

Total messages in each list: 6754

Total messages by email address (only top 10 in total):
Mailing list Email #
—————- ———– —-
epiphany-list  reinouts@gnome.org   521
epiphany-list  mpeseng@tin.it    321
epiphany-list  chpe@gnome.org   254
epiphany-list  adamh@densi.com   246
epiphany-list  marco@gnome.org   217
epiphany-list  bordoley@msu.edu    213
epiphany-list  magnus@therning.org   127
epiphany-list  pah06@uow.edu.au   111
epiphany-list  xan@gnome.org   99
epiphany-list  chpe@stud.uni-saarland.de   89

Total messages by year:
Mailing list Year #
—————- ———– —-
epiphany-list  1979  2
epiphany-list  2002  51
epiphany-list  2003  2134
epiphany-list  2004  785
epiphany-list  2005  948
epiphany-list  2006  916
epiphany-list  2007  507
epiphany-list  2008  390
epiphany-list  2009  450
epiphany-list  2010  202
epiphany-list  2011  227
epiphany-list  2012  142

Total people posting by year:
Mailing list Year #
—————- ———– —-
epiphany-list  1979   2
epiphany-list  2002   17
epiphany-list  2003   341
epiphany-list  2004  181
epiphany-list  2005  150
epiphany-list  2006  177
epiphany-list  2007  143
epiphany-list  2008  121
epiphany-list  2009  137
epiphany-list  2010  92
epiphany-list  2011  91
epiphany-list  2012  49


Statistics around FOSS Projects – Cheese

Introduction

Cheese is a GNOME application designed to take photos and videos of you and your friends with your webcam, add special effects to them and share them with your friends and family. It was written as part of Google’s 2007 Summer of Code lead by daniel g. siegel and mentored by Raphaël Slinckx, and has most of the classical photo booth features after a bare couple of months of development. Under the hood, Cheese uses GStreamer to apply fancy effects to photos and videos.

Cost Estimation

According to statics gathered by Ohloh we can see the following piece of information about cost estimation of Cheese project :

Codebase Size : 10,525 lines

Estimated Effort : 2 person-years

Estimated Cost : $ 126,228 *
Commits – Contributors
Information about the commits and contributors is always interesting , let’s see what’s going on :
All Time 12 Month 30 Day
Commits: 2759 320 19
Contributors: 288 104 12
Files Modified: 709 132 18
Lines Added: 84284 1733 104
Lines Removed: 70512 1705 58
Languages
Languages in which a FOSS project is being developed can show piece of information usefull for people who wish to contribute into the project. Let’s see what’s going on :
Total Lines : 15,777 Code Lines : 10,525 Percent Code Lines : 66.7%
Number of Languages : 7 Total Comment Lines : 3,039 Percent Comment Lines : 19.3%
Total Blank Lines : 2,213 Percent Blank Lines : 14.0%
Developers Maling list
For getting information for the mailing list of developers [cheese-list] , i did use a very usefull and powerfull tool : Mlstats .

With Mlstats we have the following results :

Total messages : 925

Total people posting in each list:  163

Total messages in each list: 815

Total messages by email address (only top 10 in total):

Mailing list Email #
—————- ———– —-
cheese-list  dgsiegel@gnome.org    93
cheese-list  dgsiegel@gmail.com    90
cheese-list  fargiolas@gnome.org    51
cheese-list  ensonic@hora-obscura.de  47
cheese-list  amigadave@amigadave.com  44
cheese-list  jaap@haitsma.org                    35
cheese-list  bug-track@fisher-privat.net   26
cheese-list  patrys@pld-linux.org              22
cheese-list  hadess@hadess.net                  15
cheese-list  jrliggett@cox.net                     14

Total messages by year:

Mailing list Year #
—————- ———– —-
cheese-list    2007  63
cheese-list    2008  230
cheese-list    2009  165
cheese-list    2010  162
cheese-list    2011  86
cheese-list    2012  100
cheese-list    2013  9
Total people posting by year:
Mailing list Year #
—————- ———– —-
cheese-list    2007  11
cheese-list    2008  47
cheese-list    2009  40
cheese-list    2010  44
cheese-list    2011  30
cheese-list    2012  34
cheese-list    2013  2


Statistics around FOSS Projects – WebKit

Introduction

WebKit is an open source web browser engine. WebKit is also the name of the Mac OS X system framework version of the engine that’s used by Safari, Dashboard, Mail, and many other OS X applications. WebKit’s HTML and JavaScript code began as a branch of the KHTML and KJS libraries from KDE.

Cost Estimation

According to statics gathered by Ohloh we can see the following piece of information about cost estimation of WebKit project :

Codebase Size : 4,569,777 lines

Estimated Effort : 1346 person-years

Estimated Cost : $ 74,032,616 *

Commits – Contributors

Information about the commits and contributors is always interesting , let’s see what’s going on :

All Time 12 Month 30 Day
Commits: 125655 32046 1748
Contributors: 445 311 161
Files Modified: 265429 87037 11241
Lines Added: 18177062 2512605 121272
Lines Removed: 11756453 1554717 108079

Languages

Languages in which a FOSS project is being developed can show piece of information usefull for people who wish to contribute into the project. Let’s see what’s going on :

Total Lines : 6,420,609 Code Lines : 4,569,777 Percent Code Lines : 71.2%
Number of Languages : 29 Total Comment Lines : 922,669 Percent Comment Lines : 14.4%
Total Blank Lines : 928,163 Percent Blank Lines : 14.5%

Developers Maling list

For getting information for the mailing list of developers [webkit-dev] , i did use a very usefull and powerfull tool : Mlstats . With Mlstats we have the following results :

Total messages : 23472

Total people posting in each list: 2051

Total messages by email address (only top 10 in total):
Mailing list  Email #
—————-   ———– —-                  ——–
webkit-dev  mjs@apple.com              1368
webkit-dev  abarth@webkit.org        1189
webkit-dev  darin@apple.com           1065
webkit-dev  eric@webkit.org               867
webkit-dev  rniwa@webkit.org            675
webkit-dev  ap@webkit.org                  391
webkit-dev  aroben@apple.com           358
webkit-dev  ojan@chromium.org         349
webkit-dev  mrowe@apple.com            330
webkit-dev  dpranke@chromium.org   328

 

Total messages by year:
Mailing list  Year #
—————-  ———– —-
webkit-dev  2007    3063
webkit-dev  2008    3139
webkit-dev  2009    4908
webkit-dev  2010    4384
webkit-dev  2011    3484
webkit-dev  2012    4226
webkit-dev  2013      248

Total people posting by year:
Mailing list  Year #
—————-  ———– —-
webkit-dev   2007     424
webkit-dev   2008     502
webkit-dev   2009     578
webkit-dev   2010     430
webkit-dev   2011     446
webkit-dev   2012     488
webkit-dev   2013       93


Installing Gummi in openSUSE 12.2

Since yesterday i started using LaTeX. So i was searching which LateX editor fix better in my needs. After searching and testing i use Gummi. Let’s see what is going on :

What is Gummi?

Gummi is a LaTeX editor for the Linux platform, written in C/GTK+. It was designed with simplicity in mind, but hopes to appeal to both novice and more advanced LaTeX writers. Gummi was released as free opensource software under the MIT license. [1]

Installing Gummi

In order to install Gummi in openSUSE you have to install the following packages :

– gummi (by typing sudo zypper in gummi , in the terminal)

Problem

After installing the gummi package , i couldn’t execute gummi and saw the follwoing  error message

“Failed to execute child process “enchant-lsmod” (No such file or directory)”

Solution

The solution to this problem is to install the following packages  :

– enchant (and 5 sub-packages)  [2]

– enchant-devel

– libenchant1 [3]

After installing them , Gummi will work fine!

[1] http://dev.midnightcoding.org/projects/gummi

[2]  http://software.opensuse.org/package/enchant

[3] http://software.opensuse.org/package/libenchant1


Conferencia del openSUSE (oSC13) en Tesalónica,Grecia.¡OPA!

Estamos muy contentos de informarles que la  próxima Conferencia del openSUSE (oSC13), la reunión añual de nuestra comunidad, tendrá lugár en Julio 2013 , en la hermosa ciudad de Tesalónica, Grecia. La oSC13 reunirá a una amplia variedad de contribuyentes en FLOSS a colaborar en uno de los mayores proyectos de distribución de Linux. Habrá conversaciones interesantes, talleres y eventos sociales de nuestra comunidad  viva nuestro lema  “Divertete mucho”  (“Have a lot of fun” ).

 

En este momento estamos entrando en la fase de organización y todavía no se ha resuelto sobre la fecha exacta y el lugar, pero vamos a dejar que a ustedes colaboren el link news.opensuse.org, y una vez que tengamos esa información la pondremos ahí. Mientras tanto, ¿qué tal si nos ayudan a organizar oSC13?

!Te necesitamos en el “kick off meeting”!

Para hacer esta conferencia más impresionante que nunca, estamos buscando personas que estén dispuestas a ayudar.

¡Te necesitamos!

Hay un par de cosas por organizarse, logotipos que se pueden extraer, diseñar sitios web, los horarios, los hoteles,los patrocinadores se encuentran y un millón de otras cosas que ustedes pueden ayudar. Así que para poner en marcha el equipo de la organización y para que todos sigan  la misma página , nos vamos a reunir este jueves, 13 de diciembre, en IRC para hablar lo que tenemos que hacer y cómo lo vamos a hacer. Si usted está buscando una oportunidad de devolver a la comunidad openSUSE eso es todo!

Cuándo: 12/13/2012 a las 15:00 UTC
Dónde: #opensuse-project en la red freenode
Quién: Todos los que quieren hacer la oSC13 un gran evento

Si, por cualquier razón, no puede participar, pero todavía quiere ayudar , usted tiene que suscribirse a nuestra lista de correo de conferencia:

opensuse-conference@opensuse.org

Vamos a publicar actas de las reuniones allí y utilizar esta lista para organizar más la oSC13.

!Vamos a seguir adelante y hacer oSC13 en Salónica la mejor conferencia!

El anuncio esta disponible tambien en inglés.

Para conocer mejor la ciudad de Tesalónica , puede ver un reportaje muy interesante.


Mozilla’s revenues [2006-2010]

Does Mozilla make money and stay afloat? How can a Foundation which offers bunch of FOSS Software is able to survive? In this post i will not focus on how Mozilla foundation earn money but on Mozilla’s revenues the past 5 years [2006-2010].

To be truth i found a very interesting article on how does Mozilla earn money , so you can have a look at the article [1]. In my opinion the main point of the article is that since 2005 Mozilla Foundation made contractual arrangements with meaningful companies (Google,Nokia etc) and this fact rose up Foundation revenues.

Revenues [2],[3],[4]

2006 : $66.8 million

2007 : $75 million

2008: $69 million

2009 : $104 million

2010: $123 million

So as we can see during the last 5 years the Mozilla Foundation did double its revenue. That cannot be luck but a matter of hard work and dedication.

[1] http://www.technobuffalo.com/internet/how-does-the-mozilla-foundation-make-money/

[2] http://www.mozilla.org/foundation/annualreport/2009/faq.html

[3] http://www.internetnews.com/blog/skerner/mozillas-2010-revenues-hit-123-million.html

[4] http://news.cnet.com/8301-1001_3-10102297-92.html


Investing in OpenStack?Is it a value for money investment?

As we all know OpenStack is an IaaS Cloud computing project and free open source software as well which released 2 years ago [Oct 2010].  Until now more than 150 companies have joined the project. But let’s see more details about investing in OpenStack.

Ryan Floyd , a venture capitalist , claims that “OpenStack will fundamentally change enterprise IT”. Furthermore from an investor perspective, it’s the sort of disruption that gives entrepreneurs and start-ups the chance to compete with incumbents [2]. Talking about Open Source investments Floyd says that ” today it is far easier to make money in open source then it has been in the past. The reason for that is because of the complexity”. Furthermore  comments that ” IT organizations have been gutted in recent years and most don’t have the time or resources to deal with complexity. That’s where the start-up open source opportunity can be found.”

Apart from Ryan Floyd’s point of view OpenStack has already made public some charts about the involved companies and the job trends in OpenStack

Job Trends related with OpenStack

And finally, OpenStack Foundation has officially launched boasting $10 million in funding and 5,600 members [3].

So the answer is “Yes OpenStack is a value for money investment”

[1] http://www.datamation.com/cloud-computing/how-to-make-money-with-openstack.html

[2] http://www.datamation.com/cloud-computing/how-to-make-money-with-openstack.html

[3] http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Cloud-Computing/OpenStack-Foundation-Launches-With-10M-in-Funding-5600-Members-312854/


Zoumpis @ oSC2012

Introduction

A few days after  the openSUSE conference is over, it is the right moment to write my report.

For me it was the first openSUSE Conference which i attended to. It was the first time that i was surrounded by hundred of Geekos during 4 days and interacted with people from the openSUSE Community , SUSE  other distribution and other FOSS projects as well. People from openSUSE , Gentoo , Ubuntu , Fedora have been there to collaborate, make a presentation , discuss about FOSS and at the end of the day have a beer (pivo, in Czech). So what did i do during the oSC2012?

What did i do

First of all , at Day Zero, the whole Greek community went to the Venue so as to help with the setup up and explore the Venue as well. It is a truth that i I was amazed by the infrastructure, the coordination and the high level of education provided by the University. I had the opportunity to get into a laboratory and  saw that the students do make their own experiments there. At the end of the day we drunk a couple of beers and personally  discussed with the Spanish spoken guys. We had fun by expressing our ideas and interact with people who live far away from European continental .

Actually the first day i  helped at the registration desk  by giving swag ,all the necessary staff and piece of information to the recently (or not) registered attendees. By the second day and until the end of the conference i worked at the Social Media team with Kostas Koudaras and Jos Poortvliet. Our goal was to spread to the social media (twitter,google+,facebook) the presentations,talks,workshops and what was going on during the conference. In that way people who attended to the conference were up-to-date for what is going on and people who didn’t attend had  also the opportunity to enjoy the conference by watching the live streaming. Finally i did translate some of the tweets in Spanish , so the Spanish spoken people be up-to-date as well.

Presentations-Attendance

Apart from what did i do , i attended to some presentations. So here i list the presentations:

1) Agustin Benito Bethencourt: SME as target for GNU/Linux distributions

2) Jos Poortvliet: openSUSE Around the World

3) Lightning talks

4) Prof. Joe Doupnik: A complete server to assist charities

5) openSUSE Project meeting

6) Izabel Valverde: The openSUSE Travel Support Program

7) Kostas Koudaras: Ambassadors 2.0

8) Michal Hrušecký: Whats new in openSUSE Connect

9) Kostas Koudaras: oSC13 The Spirit and the City

I admit that i would like to attend the following presentations but finally it wasn’t possible :

1) Henne Vogelsang: Building RPMs for starters…

2) Stephan Kulow: Packaging of perl/python/ruby/java

My presentation

Apart from attending at some presentations i did make my own. Actually my presentation was related to my failure  in GSOC 2012 with openSUSE Project. I explained to the crowd [ok i admit i was a bit nervous , it was my first presentation in an international conference] who am i , which are my plans and encouraged people to participate at the next Google Summer of Code with openSUSE Project. Finally i mentioned that what a failure does mean and what doesn’t mean in that case. My presentation  is available here.

Interaction-Feedback

In my opinion it’s very important to interact with people during a conference. Apart from the presentations you gain experience, you discuss with other people about an idea that you have in common. So my interaction was :

a) Met people from Latin America (Sebastian, Axel) and discuss with them about the community there.

b) Met Baltasar Ortega who owns the kdeblog.com and become collaborator of the blog. Now my spanish posts  appear also at kdeblog.com

c) Discussed with my mentor of GSOC 2012 about my next steps at the project

d) Discuss about participation of openSUSE Project @ LinuxCon with Jos Poortvliet and met Ralf Flaxa as well

d) My openSUSE Member application was accepted. Also i became member of openSUSE Member Officials Team

e) Met Ramon Roca and discuss with him about his project

f) Joined the conference by another point of view : as a volunteer who worked on a group.

g) Beers,beers,beers 😛

Conclusion

According to some people, FOSS conferences are dominated by corporate representatives promoting their products.I disagree with that  because in my point of view FOSS conference are dominated by participants , volunteers , FOSS communities and FOSS companies. The main point is the interaction between all of these parts .

See you at the next openSUSE Conference!


Fiesta de lanzamiento del openSUSE 12.2 [Barcelona] – openSUSE 12.2 Release Party

Español

Despues de la fiesta de lanzamiento del openSUSE 12.2 que tuvo lugar en Madrid , el Martes que viene [06/11] tendrá lugar fiesta de lanzamiento en Barcelona! Mas información podéis encontrar aqui.

English

After the openSUSE 12.2 Release Party took place in Madrid , the next Tuesday [06/11]  the openSUSE 12.2 Release Party will take place in Barcelona! More info can be found here.


Informe de la fiesta de lanzamiento del openSUSE 12.2 [Madrid] – Report from openSUSE 12.2 Release Party [Madrid]

openSUSE Release Party 12.2 @ Madrid , Group photo

 Español 

Recién llegado del openSUSE Conference, el viernes pasado (26/10/2012, 21:00) tuvo lugar la fiesta del lanzamiento del openSUSE 12.2. Después de mis clases del Máster [URJC] profesores y estudiantes fuimos a un pub para tomar unas cervezas y hablar del openSUSE. Algunos de mis colegas me preguntaron cosas como “Qué entornos gráficos incluyen el DVD” y “Los dvd’s son de 64 bits”, “Cómo se puede contribuir en el proyecto openSUSE como desarrollador”.

Además profesores y colegas cogieron unos DVD’S promo y uno de ellos, que utiliza otra distribución con XFCE, probará el openSUSE con XFCE. Finalmente tuvo lugar un sorteo y dos participantes ganaron materiales de openSUSE Conference.Al final adjunto el código fuente de sorteo. El código fuente está debajo de la licencia GPL y podéis utilizarlo en su sorteo también.Aquí están algunas fotos de la fiesta.

English

After arriving from openSUSE Conference , the last Friday (26/10/2012, 21:00) the openSUSE 12.2 Release Party took place in Madrid. When my Master classes [URJC] finished professors and students we went to an Irish Pub to drink a beer and discuss about openSUSE Project. Some of my classmates asked me questions like “How many GUI does the DVD include?” , “The DVD’s are 64-bits version?” , “How can i contribute to the openSUSE Project as a developer?”.

Furthermore professors and classmates took some openSUSE DVD’s and one of my classmate who uses Xubuntu is gonna try openSUSE with XFCE. Finally a draw took place  and two of the participants won material stuff from the openSUSE Conference. I submit the source code of the “draw”. You can use the source code for free [for your draw as well 😉 ] it is under GPL License. Here you can find the Release Party photos.